Is Mindfulness Effective for Managing Anxiety Disorders?
Mindfulness practice has helped calm minds for thousands of years — and modern science agrees it could be a useful tool in reducing anxiety.
People who experience anxiety will know just how much the condition can impact daily life — creeping into everything from work to relationships to hobbies.
If you’re one of these individuals, it makes sense that you’ll want to do what you can to calm the mind and keep those worries at bay.
While the art of mindfulness has roots stemming back thousands of years, it has more recently been championed by the wellness industry as an approach to help ease stress and encourage relaxation.
But can mindfulness help individuals better manage anxiety?
What is mindfulness?
Put simply, “it’s moment-to-moment, nonjudgmental awareness,” says Katya Jezzard-Puyraud, mindfulness instructor and founder of LightHearts UK.
Mindfulness can involve:
accepting how you feel in the present moment, physically and emotionally
taking in your surroundings and being aware of yourself in them
not being distracted by thoughts from the past or future
being kind and nonjudgmental to yourself and others
When it comes to anxiety, practicing mindfulness can provide you with the mental tools to slow things down so you don’t feel overwhelmed.
Is mindfulness effective for anxiety?
Yes. Mindfulness can help you cope with symptoms of anxiety.
A 2019 review focused on mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), an 8-week mindfulness program, and women diagnosed with breast cancer to support these findings.
According to the research MBSR may slightly improve symptoms of anxiety, depression, and improve sleep quality.
Researchers further indicated that there may be little to no difference in symptoms between 6 months or 2 years after MBSR intervention.
In addition, 2021 research on working adults between the ages of 60 and 65 suggested that MBSR can be effective by improving:
symptoms of emotional distress
satisfaction with life
As you allow yourself to mindfully observe your thoughts, feelings, and environment, you will be able to recognize how your body responds to stress. Over time, practicing mindfulness techniques can help you self-regulate and reduce symptoms of anxiety.
How can I practice mindfulness to reduce anxiety?
As with many things in life, mindfulness isn’t a “one size fits all” solution. There are many ways to practice mindfulness, and what works for some doesn’t necessarily work for others.
It’s about trying out different approaches and finding what’s best for you.
Forms of mindful meditation shown to have positive effects on stress reduction include:
progressive muscle relaxation
deep breathing techniques
Mindfulness becomes easier with practice and time. You can try these easy steps today to get started.
1. Breathing techniques
“One of the most powerful tools we have at our disposal is our breathing,” states Howarth. “When you put all of your awareness on your breath, then you are completely present, [and] no longer in that imagined future.” There are a variety of techniques to try, which can last for as long as you like. Not only can breath work be a form of anxiety-busting mindfulness, but a 2017 research reviewTrusted Source showed that slowing down and regulating your breathing also activates your parasympathetic nervous system, which can calm the body down.
2. Acknowledge your surroundings
Utilize everyday activities as opportunities to ground yourself in the present. Take a car journey, for example.
“Turn the radio off and label everything that you see. So, you’d think, ‘nice tree’, or ‘she’s got a nice coat.’ That kind of thing,” Jezzard-Puyraud explains. “You’re looking properly and being aware of what’s around you. It becomes second nature after a while.”
3. Body scanning
A 2021 study with animalsTrusted Source on virtually-led body scanning found that participants experienced reduced stress and anxiety from this meditation practice after just one session.
Essentially, body scanning involves the participant slowly working up or down their body and recognizing various sensations. This easy step-by-step guide will help see you through.
4. Tune into a guided session
For mindfulness newcomers (and seasoned pros), settling your mind can sometimes be challenging. But listening to a guided session is one way to help set your mind on the right path.
An array of apps offers this type of practice, and you can discover six of our favorites by visit our resource page.
5. Progressive muscle relaxation (PMR)
Another full-body exercise, this approach requires the individual to gently engage and squeeze different muscles throughout the body before releasing and feeling them relax.
Despite its simplicity, PMR can have a big impact: A small studyTrusted Source found that patients who practiced PMR for 12 weeks experienced a dramatic reduction in anxiety.
6. Active listening
When was the last time you had a conversation with someone and didn’t find yourself distracted by a to-do list, Instagram, or the kids? “Sit down and really listen to what that person is saying to you,” Jezzard-Puynaud says. If you have a favorite music artist, you could practice mindfully listening to their songs: taking in words, considering their meaning, and being aware of how they make you feel.
Meditation vs. mindfulness: What’s the difference? With similar foundations and results, it’s easy to get these two concepts confused. Meditation is an activity that you specifically set aside time to complete, whereas mindfulness is something that eventually becomes a part of your consciousness. “It is a way of existing, a way of being,” Jezzard-Puyraud states. However, there is a crossover. “Meditation is very much part of the practice,” she continues. “When I teach people, we do lots of meditations and lots of different types, because everyone is different.” But if meditation isn’t a right fit for you, it doesn’t mean you can’t practice mindfulness. “Meditation can be part of a mindfulness practice, but it doesn’t have to be,” notes Howarth.
Let’s recap An array of anecdotal evidence and scientific research supports the role of mindfulness in helping reduce levels of anxiety and stress at varying severities and manifestations. There are numerous ways to get started incorporating mindfulness into your daily life, with steps as easy as practicing active listening or breath work. However, whatever route you take into mindfulness, it’s important not to put pressure on yourself. Becoming fully mindful might take some effort and practice, but you don’t necessarily have to master anything to enjoy benefits. A 2019 study showed that just 13 minutes each day could be enough to make a difference, but consistency over at least 6 to 8 weeks is key. As Jezzard-Puynaud states: “The thing about mindfulness is that whatever you do to help yourself is fine. It doesn’t have to be every single minute of every single day. As long as you can do some of it, some time, you’re doing OK.”
Medically reviewed by Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT — By Chantelle Pattemore — Updated on June 29, 2023